Types of Rangoli Design

Rangoli is the art of making colorful designs on the floor of the doorsteps or living room or courtyard so that the evil forces attempting to enter the house can be repelled. As per Hindu mythology Rangoli creation is the Indian traditional rituals and it is to be made on the religious Hindu festivals and ceremonies like wedding, Diwali, Onam, Laxmi pujan, Durga Puja, Pongal in India. Rangoli is made from many things like flowers, flower petals, pulses, colored rice, leaves etc. and it looks so attractive and nice. Many people in Rajasthan create a easy rangoli designs with their legs only by folk dancing and entertaining the public. The unique art has been followed through ancient time, from each generation to next generation keeping the art and tradition alive.


Different names of Rangoli in India.

Rangoli also varies by different names in different states.

In Rajasthan, it is known as ‘Mandana’ and it reflects the folk culture of the Rajasthan. Mandana is the wall painting made on the floor of the house to protect the home, welcome gods into the house and to mark the important festivals. Before making the mandana the floor is prepared by sweeping it with cow dung and then lime or chalk is used to create the design.

In Madhya Pradesh, it is known as ‘Chowk Purna which is the traditional design fitted into square with leaves and flowers pattern.

In Orissa, Rangoli is known as ‘Ossa’ and it is created to bring in wealth, health, prosperity and peace into the home .Ossa design is made on the festive occasions like diwali, Rath yatra, Vishwakarma puja and Laxmi puja to welcome goddess into the house.



In West Bengal, Rangoli is popularly known as ‘Alpana’. Alpana is drawn to repel the evil spirits to ensure safety, express gratitude, to bring prosperity and to increase the fertility of the cultivated land. Alpana is also drawn to welcome the guests and to make the house look beautiful on the festivals.

In Tamil Nadu, Rangoli designs are known as ‘kolam’, created to celebrate the ten days Onam festival.

In Andhra Pradesh, it is known as ‘Muggupindi’ and in Gujarat, it is called ‘Sathiya’.

I hope my article about Rangoli Kolam helps you to have a brief idea about understanding the meaning of Rangoli. If you have any questions/suggestions regarding this post you may ask us by posting you comment below.


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